The first known activity in Saint-Estèphe dates back to the Middle Bronze Age, the first vines date from the Roman occupation. But it is the Bordeaux merchants who, by raising and selling Saint-Estèphe wines themselves, have largely contributed to the reputation of the appellation. The 14th century , marked by prosperity, saw the creation of large current properties. The movement continues today with the grouping of small farms.
Land of great wines, Saint-Estèphe is located almost in the center of the Médoc, very close to the Gironde estuary: the appellation is equidistant from Bordeaux and Pointe-de-Grave.
Its soil is characterized by the remarkable diversity of the composition of its layers, a consequence of its uneven contours, and excellent natural drainage. Everywhere it is strewn with quartz and rolled pebbles, mixed with a light, sandy soil on the surface which gives the wines a very particular finesse. As for the subsoil, it is made up of the famous Saint-Estèphe limestone, which outcrops to the west of the town.