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As in a large part of the Bordeaux vineyards, vines appeared in Margaux as early as the Gallo-Roman era. As early as 1705, a text mentions Château Margaux. But it was not until the end of the 18th century and the birth of the first aging techniques that the concept of quality wines developed. Its consecration is the famous classification of 1855 which distinguishes 21 wines classified in the Margaux appellation. One hundred years later, in 1954, the wine union and the Margaux controlled designation of origin were born. The appellation, which extends over five communes, is, uniquely in Médoc, the only one where the entire range of wines is found, as rich as it is vast, from the first grand cru classified to the fifth, without forgetting the renowned Crus Bourgeois and artisan wines.
In Margaux, the Garonne gravels predominate, on a central plateau 6 km long and 2 km wide. To the southeast, this plateau dominates the lowlands of the estuary. Its eastern slope is slightly indented by dry valleys which shape it into successive ridges.
The Margaux gravels were spread out in sheets by the river in the early Quaternary. Of good size, they are associated with medium-sized pebbles, which constitute the most beautiful set of gravel in the Haut-Médoc region. It is on this ancient layer, which rests on a tertiary limestone or clay-marl base that the best Margales wines are found. Lots of gravel and stones, poor soils that retain little water, deeply rooted vines, all the conditions for success are met.